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U.S. Election Analysis: Media, Voters and the Campaign

18.11.2020 09:09 | Anonymous member (Administrator)

Edited by: Daniel Jackson, Danielle Sarver Coombs, Filippo Trevisan, Darren Lilleker and Einar Thorsen

Featuring 91 contributions from over 115 leading US and international academics, this publication captures the immediate thoughts, reflections and early research insights on the 2020 U.S. presidential election from the cutting edge of media and politics research.

Published within eleven days of the election, these contributions are short and accessible. Authors provide authoritative analysis – including research findings and new theoretical insights – to bring readers original ways of understanding the campaign. Contributions also bring a rich range of disciplinary influences, from political science to cultural studies, journalism studies to geography.

As always, these reports are free to access.

The report can be found on alongside our previous reports on UK and U.S. elections.

Direct pdf download is available at: (please note, large file size!)

The table of contents is below.

1. Introduction: Daniel Jackson, Danielle Sarver Coombs, Filippo Trevisan, Darren Lilleker and Einar Thorsen

Policy and Political Context

2. The far-too-normal election

Dave Karpf

3. One pandemic, two Americas and a week-long election day

Ioana Coman

4. Political emotion and the global pandemic: factors at odds with a Trump presidency

Erik P. Bucy

5. The pandemic did not produce the predominant headwinds that changed the course of the country

Amanda Weinstein

6. Confessions of a vampire

Kirk Combe

7. COVID-19 and the 2020 election

Timothy Coombs

8. President Trump promised a vaccine by Election Day: that politicized vaccination intentions

Matthew Motta

9. The enduring impact of the Black Lives Matter movement on the 2020 elections

Gabriel B. Tait

10. Where do we go from here? The 2020 U.S. presidential election, immigration, and crisis

Jamie Winders

11. A nation divided on abortion?

Zoe Brigley Thompson

12. Ending the policy of erasure: transgender issues in 2020

Anne C. Osborne

13. U.S. presidential politics and planetary crisis in 2020

Reed Kurtz

14. Joe Biden and America’s role in the world

Jason Edwards

15. President Biden’s foreign policy: engagement, multilateralism, and cautious globalization

Klaus W. Larres

16. Presidential primary outcomes as evidence of levels of party unity

Judd Thornton

17. A movable force: the armed forces voting bloc

Amanda Weinstein

18. Guns and the 2020 elections

Robert Spitzer

19. Can Biden's win stop the decline of the West and restore the role of the United States in the world?

Roman Gerodimos


20. A divided America guarantees the longevity of Trumpism

Panos Koliastasis and Darren Lilleker

21. Cartographic perspectives of the 2020 U.S. election

Ben Hennig

22. Vote Switching From 2016 to 2020

Diana Mutz and Sam Wolken

23. It’s the democracy, stupid

Petros Ioannidis and Elias Tsaousakis

24. Election in a time of distrust

John Rennie Short

25. Polarization before and after the 2020 election

Barry Richards

26. The political psychology of Trumpism

Richard Perloff

27. White evangelicals and white born again Christians in 2020

Ryan Claassen

28. Angry voters are (often) misinformed voters

Brian Weeks

29. A Black, Latinx, and Independent alliance: 2020

Omar Ali

30. Believing Black women

Lindsey Meeks

31. The sleeping giant awakens: Latinos in the 2020 election

Lisa Sanchez

32. Trump won the senior vote because they thought he was best on the economy – not immigration

Peter McLeod

33. Did German Americans again support Donald Trump?

Per Urlaub & David Huenlich

Candidates and the Campaign

34. The emotional politics of 2020: fear and loathing in the United States

Karin Wahl-Jorgensen

35. Character and image in the U.S. presidential election: a psychological perspective

Geoffrey Beattie

36. Branding and its limits

Ken Cosgrove

37. Celtic connections: reading the roots of Biden and Trump

Michael Higgins and Russ Eshleman

38. Kamala Harris, Bobby Jindal, and the construction of Indian American identity

Madhavi Reddi

39. Stratagems of hate: decoding Donald Trump’s denigrating rhetoric in the 2020 campaign

Rita Kirk and Stephanie Martin

40. Campaign finance and the 2020 U.S. election

Cayce Myers

41. The Emperor had no clothes, after all

Marc Hooghe

42. Trump’s tribal appeal: us vs. them

Stephen D. Reese

News and Journalism

43. When journalism’s relevance is also on the ballot

Seth C. Lewis, Matt Carlson and Sue Robinson

44. Beyond the horse race: voting process coverage in 2020

Kathleen Searles

45. YouTube as a space for news

Stephanie Edgerly

46. 2020 shows the need for institutional news media to make racial justice a core value of journalism

Nikki Usher

47. Newspaper endorsements, presidential fitness and democracy

Kenneth Campbell

48. Alternative to what?A faltering alternative-as-independent media

Scott A. Eldridge II

49. Collaboration, connections, and continuity in media innovation

Valerie Belair-Gagnon

50. Learning from the news in a time of highly polarized media

Marion Just and Ann Crigler

51. Partisan media ecosystems and polarization in the 2020 U.S. election

Michael Beam

52. What do news audiences think about ‘cutting away’ from news that could contain misinformation?

Richard Fletcher

53. The day the music died: turning off the cameras on President Trump

Sarah Oates

54. When worlds collide: contentious politics in a fragmented media regime

Michael X. Delli Carpini

55. Forecasting the future of election forecasting

Benjamin Toff

56. A new horse race begins: the scramble for a post-election narrative

Victor Pickard

Social media

57. Media and social media platforms finally begin to embrace their roles as democratic gatekeepers

Daniel Kreiss

58. Did social media make us more or less politically unequal in 2020?

Dan Lane and Nancy Molina-Rogers

59. Platform transparency in the fight against disinformation

Valerie Belair-Gagnon, Bente Kalsnas, Lucas Graves and Oscar Westlund

60. Why Trump's determination to sow doubt about data undermines democracy

Alfred Hermida

61. A banner year for advertising and a look at differences across platforms

Markus Neumann, Jielu Yao, Spencer Dean and Erika Franklin Fowler

62. How Joe Biden conveyed empathy

Dorian Davis

63. The debates and the election conversation on Twitter

G.R. Boynton and Glenn W. Richardson

64. Did the economy, COVID-19, or Black Lives Matter to the Senate candidates in 2020?

Heather K. Evans and Rian F. Moore

65. Leadership through showmanship: Trump's ability to coin nicknames for opponents on Twitter

Marco Morini

66. Election countdown: Instagram's role in visualizing the 2020 campaign

Terri L. Towner and Caroline L. Munoz

67. Candidates did lackluster youth targeting on Instagram

John Parmelee

68. College students, political engagement and Snapchat in the 2020 general election

Laurie L. Rice and Kenneth W. Moffett

69. Advertising on Facebook: transparency, but not transparent enough

Jennifer Stromer-Galley, Patricia Rossini, Brian McKernan and Jeff Hemsley

70. Detecting emotions in Facebook political ads with computer vision

Michael Bossetta and Rasmus Schmøkel

Popular culture and public critique

71. On campaigns and political trash talk

Michael Butterworth

72. It's all about my "team": what we can learn about politics from sport

Natalie Brown-Devlin and Michael Devlin

73. Kelly Loeffler uses battle with the WNBA as springboard into Georgia Senate runoff

Guy Harrison

74. Made for the fight, WNBA players used their platform for anti-racism activism in 2020

Molly Yanity

75. Do National Basketball Association (NBA) teams really support Black Lives Matter?

Kwame Agyemang

76. The presidential debates: the media frames it all wrong

Mehnaaz Momen

77. Live... from California, it's Kamala Harris

Mark Turner

78. Who needs anger management? Dismissing young engagement

Joanna Doona

79. Meme war is merely the continuation of politics by other means

Rodney Taveira

80. Satire failed to pack a punch in the 2020 election

Allaina Kilby

81. Election memes 2020, or, how to be funny when nothing is fun

Ryan M. Milner and Whitney Phillips

Democracy in crisis

82. Social media moderation of political talk

Shannon McGregor

83. The speed of technology vs. the speed of democracy

Ben Epstein

84. The future of election administration: how will states respond?

Jennifer L. Selin

85. How the movement to change voting procedures was derailed by the 2020 election results

Martin P. Wattenberg

86. From "clown" to "community": the democratic potential of civility and incivility

Emily Sydnor

87. Searching for misinformation

David Silva

88. Relational listening as political listening in a polarized country

Kathryn Coduto

89. QAnon, the election and an evolving American conservativism

Harrison Lejeune

90. President Trump, disinformation, and the threat of extremist violence

Kurt Braddock

91. The disinformed election

Saif Shahin

92. Election 2020 and the further degradation of local journalism

Philip Napoli



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